From Texas Public Radio:
Across the country, people are heading to the polls to vote in the midterm election. While it’s been almost two years since the 2020 presidential election, disinformation about voting is still a big problem — causing some to worry democracy will be tested this year like never before.
Voting machines in particular came under intense scrutiny, with a wide range of false claims even sparking lawsuits.
So how do the voting machines used in Texas elections actually work?
First off, only two voting systems manufacturers are certified to sell their systems in Texas: Hart InterCivic and Election Systems & Software (ES&S).
Hart InterCivic systems are used in 113 counties, including Harris and Tarrant counties. ES&S systems are used in the other 141 counties, including Bexar, Travis, and Dallas counties.
Republican Texas Secretary of State John Scott explained in this video that these companies’ machines must be certified by the Election Assistance Commission, a bipartisan federal body, and the state.
“In Texas, we have even higher standards for our voting systems which must be certified by our office in conjunction with computer science experts and legal experts at the Texas Attorney General’s Office,” he added.
When either company makes an update to its machines or software, it must be re-certified before it can sell those updated systems.